EARTHQUAKE • TORNADO • WINTER STORM

Disaster can strike quickly and without warning. It can force you to evacuate your neighborhood or confine you to your home. What would you do if basic services–water, gas, electricity or telephones–were cut off? Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone right away.

Families can – and do– cope with disaster by preparing in advance and working together as a team. Follow the steps listed below to create your family’s disaster plan. Knowing what to do is your best protection and your responsibility.

4 Steps to Safety

1
Find Out What Could Happen to You
• Contact your Barangay Office, Philippine Red Cross chapter or Lifeline’s hotline 16-911. Ask what types of disasters are most likely to happen.
Request information on how to prepare for each.
• Find out how to help elderly or disabled persons, if needed.
• Find out about the disaster plans at your workplace, your children’s
school and other places where your family spends time.

2
Create a Disaster Plan
• Meet with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for disaster.
Explain the dangers of fire, severe weather and earthquakes to children.
Plan to share responsibilities and work together as a team.
• Discuss the types of disasters that are most likely to happen. Explain what to do in each case. Where will your family be when disaster strikes? They could be anywhere – at work, at school, in the car. How will you find each
other? Will you know if your children are safe?
• Pick two places to meet:
1. Right outside your home in case of a sudden emergency, like a fire.
2. Outside your neighborhood in case you can’t return home. Everyone must know the address and phone number of the meeting place.
• Ask an out-of-state friend to be your “family contact.” After a disaster, it’s often easier to call long distance. Other family members should call this person and tell them where they are. Everyone must know your contact’s phone number.
• Discuss what to do in an evacuation. Plan how to take care of your pets.

3
Complete This Checklist

Conduct a home hazard hunt. Check for ordinary objects that can cause injury. Anything that can move, fall, break or cause a fire is a potential home hazard and should be inspected regularly. Stock emergency supplies and assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit. Take a Red Cross first aid and CPR class.
 Determine the best escape routes from your home. Find two ways out of each room. Find the safe spots in your home for
each type of disaster. Post emergency telephone numbers by phones (fire, police, ambulance, etc.).
Teach children how and when to call 16-911 or your local Emergency Medical Services number for emergency help.
 Show each family member how and when to turn off the water, gas and electricity at the main switches.
 Check if you have adequate insurance coverage.
 Teach each family member how to use the fire extinguisher (ABC type), and show them where it’s kept.
 Install smoke detectors on each level of your home, especially near

4
Practice and Maintain Your Plan
• Test your smoke detectors monthly and change the batteries at least once a year.
Jan ___ Feb ___ Mar ___ Apr ___
May___ Jun ___ Jul ___ Aug ___
Sept ___ Oct ___ Nov ___ Dec ___
Change batteries in _________ each year.
(month)
• Quiz your kids and household help every six months so they remember what to do.
• Conduct fire and emergency evacuation drills.
• Replace stored water every three months and stored food every six months.
• Test and recharge your fire extinguisher(s) according to manufacturer’s instructions.

Disaster Supplies Kit

Keep enough supplies in your home to last for at least three days. Assemble items you may need in an evacuation. Store supplies in sturdy, easy-to-carry containers such as backpacks, duffle bags or plastic trash cans with lids. Keep important family documents in a waterproof container. Keep a smaller kit in the trunk of your car.
Include in your Disaster Supplies Kit:
Neighbors Helping Neighbors
Working with neighbors can save lives and property. Meet with your neighbors to plan how the neighborhood could
work together after a disaster until help arrives. If you’re a member of a neighborhood organization, such as a
home association or crime watch group, introduce disaster preparedness as a new activity. Know your neighbors’
special skills (ie, medical, technical) and consider how you could help neighbors who have special needs, such as
disabled and elderly persons. Make plans for child care in case parents can’t get home.
 A three-day supply of water (one gallon per person per day) and food that won’t spoil.
 One change of clothing and footwear per person, and one blanket or sleeping bag per person.
 A first aid kit that includes your family’s prescription medications.
 An extra set of car keys and a credit card or cash.
 Emergency tools including a battery powered radio, flashlight and plenty of extra batteries.
 Sanitation supplies.
 Special items for infant, elderly or disabled family members.
 An extra pair of glasses.
Evacuate immediately if told to do so:
• Listen to your battery-powered radio and follow the instructions of local emergency officials.
• Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
• Take your Disaster Supplies Kit.
• Lock your home.
• Use travel routes specified by local authorities — don’t use shortcuts because certain areas may be impassable or dangerous.
If you’re sure you have time:
• Shut off water, gas and electricity before leaving, if instructed to do so.
• Post a note telling others when you left and where you are going.
• Make arrangements for your pets.
Evacuation
If Disaster Strikes
Remain calm and patient. Put your plan into action…
• Check for injuries. Give first aid and get help for seriously injured people.
• Listen to your battery powered radio for news and instructions.
• Evacuate, if advised to do so. Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
Check for damage in your home. . .
• Use flashlights — do not light matches or turn on electrical switches, if you suspect damage.
• Check for fires, fire hazards and other household hazards.
• Sniff for gas leaks, starting at the water heater. If you smell gas or suspect a leak, turn off the main gas valve, open windows, and get everyone outside quickly.
• Shut off any other damaged utilities.
• Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline and other flammable
liquids immediately.
Remember to. . .
• Confine or secure your pets.
• Call your family contact— do not use the telephone again unless it is a
life-threatening emergency.
• Check on your neighbors, especially elderly or disabled persons.
• Make sure you have an adequate water supply in case service is cut off.
• Stay away from downed power lines.
For medical emergencies, dial
Lifeline Rescue’s 24-hour Hotline: 16-911

Take the First Steps for a Hurricane Plan
If you are under a hurricane watch or warning, here are some basic steps to take to prepare for the storm:
 Learn about your community’s emergency plans, warning signals, evacuation routes, and locations of emergency shelters.
 Identify potential home hazards and know how to secure or protect them before the hurricane strikes. Be prepared to turn off electrical power when there is standing water, fallen power lines, or before you evacuate. Turn off gas and water supplies before you evacuate. Secure structurally unstable building materials.
 Buy a fire extinguisher and make sure your family knows where to find it and how to use it.
 Locate and secure your important papers, such as insurance policies, wills, licenses, stocks, etc.
 Post emergency phone numbers at every phone.
 Inform local authorities about any special needs, i.e., elderly or bedridden people, or anyone with a disability.
 Make plans to ensure your pets’ safety
Emergency Supplies You Will Need
You should stock your home with supplies that may be needed during the emergency period. At a minimum, these supplies should include:
 Several clean containers for water, large enough for a 3-5 day supply of water (about five gallons for each person).
 A 3-5 day supply of non-perishable food.
 A first aid kit and manual.
 A battery-powered radio, flashlights, and extra batteries.
 Sleeping bags or extra blankets.
HURRICANE READINESS
Nurse Des
Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention
 Water-purifying supplies, such as chlorine or iodine tablets or unscented, ordinary household chlorine bleach.
 Prescription medicines and special medical needs.
 Baby food and/or prepared formula, diapers, and other baby supplies.
 Disposable cleaning cloths, such as “baby wipes” for the whole family to use in case bathing facilities are not available.
 Personal hygiene supplies, such as soap, toothpaste, sanitary napkins, etc.
 An emergency kit for your car with food, flares, booster cables, maps, tools, a first aid kit, fire extinguisher, sleeping bags, etc.
Preparing to Evacuate
Expect the need to evacuate and prepare for it. The PAG-ASA will issue a hurricane watch when there is a threat to coastal areas of hurricane conditions within 24-36 hours.
A. When a hurricane watch is issued, you should:
 Fill your automobile’s gas tank.
 If no vehicle is available, make arrangements with friends or family for transportation.
 Fill your clean water containers.
 Review your emergency plans and supplies, checking to see if any items are missing.
 Tune in the radio or television for weather updates.
 Prepare an emergency kit for your car with food, flares, booster cables, maps, tools, a first aid kit, fire extinguisher, sleeping bags, etc.
 Secure any items outside which may damage property in a storm, such as bicycles, grills etc.
 Cover windows and doors with plywood or boards or place large strips of masking tape or adhesive tape on the windows to reduce the risk of breakage and flying glass.
 Put livestock and family pets in a safe area. Due to food and sanitation requirements, emergency shelters cannot accept animals.
 Place vehicles under cover, if at all possible.
 Fill sinks and bathtubs with water as an extra supply for washing.
 Adjust the thermostat on refrigerators and freezers to the coolest possible temperature.
Nurse Des
Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention
B. If you are ordered to Evacuate
Because of the destructive power of a hurricane, you should never ignore an evacuation order. Authorities will be most likely to direct you to leave if you are in a low-lying area, or within the greatest potential path of the storm. Be aware that most shelters and some hotels do not accept pets. If a hurricane warning is issued for your area or you are directed by authorities to evacuate the area:
 Take only essential items with you.
 If you have time, turn off the gas, electricity, and water.
 Disconnect appliances to reduce the likelihood of electrical shock when power is restored.
 Make sure your automobile’s emergency kit is ready.
 Follow the designated evacuation routes. Others may be blocked and expect heavy traffic.
C. If You Are Ordered NOT to Evacuate
The great majority of injuries during a hurricane are cuts caused by flying glass or other debris. Other injuries include puncture wounds resulting from exposed nails, metal, or glass, and bone fractures.
To get through the storm in the safest possible manner:
 Monitor the radio or television for weather conditions, if possible.
 Stay indoors until the authorities declare the storm is over.
 Do not go outside, even if the weather appears to have calmed the calm “eye” of the storm can pass quickly, leaving you outside when strong winds resume.
 Stay away from all windows and exterior doors, seeking shelter in a bathroom or basement. Bathtubs can provide some shelter if you cover yourself with plywood or other materials.
 Prepare to evacuate to a shelter or to a neighbor’s home if your home is damaged, or if you are instructed to do so by emergency personnel
Complete Your Family Disaster Plan  Contact your local Red Cross and ask what types of disasters are most likely to happen.  Meet with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for disaster.  Complete the disaster plan checklist.  Practice your plan