March 2012


World Bank announced that the Republic of the Philippines (PHL) is experiencing a weaker-than-expected first half. The impacts of this slow-down in the country’s economy are limited, though, because of its strong fundamentals. Below is an excerpt from the Washington-based institution:

 

“In response to the slower growth and the weaker economic outlook in advanced economies, we revise our growth forecast downward from 5.0% to 4.5% for 2011 and from 5.4% to 5.0% for 2012,” the report states.

These compare to the government’s 7-8% target for both years and downward revisions announced last month by the Asian Development Bank (4.7% and 5.1%, from 5.0% and 5.3%) and the International Monetary Fund (4.7% and 4.9%, from 5.0% for both years).

“To better insulate the Philippine economy from external shocks, it is important to maintain strong macroeconomic fundamentals and improve its competitiveness through diversifying exports, strengthening domestic competition, and improving productivity of the services sector,” World Bank economist Soonwha Yi said in a statement accompanying the update.

The report noted that the country’s external position and macroeconomic fundamentals remained strong. In particular, the current account surplus was said to have increased by 20% in the second quarter, net foreign direct investments were up in the first half and “foreign reserves have surged to record highs.”

Monetary policy was also described as remaining accommodative, and the deficit likely to fall below target. The World Bank noted, however, that the state underspending behind the better fiscal balance “also reduces economic growth and could waken potential growth as the country’s large deficiencies in infrastructure remain unresolved.”

The challenge for the government, it said, “is to ensure that the Philippines continues to improve its competitiveness, while cushioning the economy from adverse external shocks.” The World Bank recommended accelerated public spending, which can be supported by raising more revenues via improved tax administration and reforms.

Ruperto P. Majuca, assistant director-general for planning at the National Economic and Development Authority, agreed with the report’s recommendations, saying the Philippines can “pursue Asian integration, and take advantage of China rebalancing.”

“You also strengthen the domestic demand by government spending, e.g., by infrastructure spending, then other domestic sector strengthening [for example through] CCT (conditional cash transfers) [and] tourism,” he explained in a text message.

Mr. Majuca, however, thinks that “the forecasts are low.”

“We expect GDP growth to pick up in H2 (second half) relative to H1 due to the acceleration of government spending, the effect of Japan normalization and reconstruction on the Philippine economy, seasonal boost, and the absence of base effects which characterized H1,” he said.

University of Asia and the Pacific economics professor Cid L. Terosa, for his part, said the World Bank “forecast reflects the cautious mood that is prevailing in the economy and will prevail next year.”

“I think [economic growth] will be 5% or below in the next two years,” he added.

Benjamin E. Diokno, former Budget secretary and economics professor at the University of the Philippines, said the multilateral bank’s forecast downgrading was “not surprising.”

“The cut in growth forecasts which has come one after another in the last few weeks is not only realistic and timely; it also calls for a greater sense of urgency and creativity on the government’s spending performance,” Mr. Diokno said in an e-mail.

“There is greater urgency for the government to spend on labor-intensive, quick-disbursing, and rural-based projects in order to create jobs in the countryside where a great majority of the poor reside. Since the poor consume what little money they earn, it will increase consumer spending. With higher spending and high multiplier effect, there will be greater economic activity,” he added.

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ImageSince the Gregorian calendar had been like our dictionary when it comes to historical happenings, it would be fitting to at least devote one article to it. And today, March 1, marks the 60th day of the year, or 61st in a leap year, in this calendar. It would also be so much interesting to know what were the events in the past years on this  same day, so I also did a little digging on the historic events, the famous people who were born and died, and of course, the observances of our ancestors on this day each year

 

Events

 

752 BC – Romulus, legendary first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following The Rape of the Sabine Women.

509 BC – Publius Valerius Publicola, Roman consul, celebrates the first triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia.

86 BC – Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.

293 – Roman Emperors Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus as Caesar to Maximian.

317 – Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares

350 – Vetranio is asked by Constantina, sister of Constantius II, to proclaim himself Caesar.

1457 – The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.

1562 – 23 Huguenots are massacred by Catholics in Wassy, France, marking the start of the French Wars of Religion.

1565 – The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded.

1593 – The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.

1628 – Writs issued in February by Charles I of England mandate that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.

1633 – Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

1642 – Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine), becomes the first incorporated city in the United States.

1692 – Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, beginning what would become known as the Salem witch trials.

1700 – Sweden introduces its own Swedish calendar, in an attempt to gradually merge into the Gregorian calendar, reverts to the Julian calendar on this date in 1712, and introduces the Gregorian Calendar on this date in 1753.

1781 – The Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation.

1790 – The first United States census is authorized.

1803 – Ohio is admitted as the 17th U.S. state.

1805 – Justice Samuel Chase is acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the U.S. Senate.

1811 – Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty are killed by Egyptian ruler Muhammad Ali.

1815 – Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba.

1836 – A convention of delegates from 57 Texas communities convenes in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas, to deliberate independence from Mexico.

1845 – President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.

1847 – The state of Michigan formally abolishes capital punishment.

1852 – Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

1854 – German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.

1867 – Nebraska becomes the 37th U.S. state; Lancaster, Nebraska is renamed Lincoln and becomes the state capital.

1870 – Marshal F.S. López dies during the Battle of Cerro Corá thus marking the end of the Paraguayan War.

1872 – Yellowstone National Park is established as the world’s first national park.

1873 – E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.

1886 – The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.

1893 – Nikola Tesla gives the first public demonstration of radio in St. Louis, Missouri.

1896 – Battle of Adowa: an Ethiopian army defeats an outnumbered Italian force, ending the First Italo–Ethiopian War.

1896 – Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.

1901 – The Australian Army was formed.

1910 – The worst avalanche in United States history buries a Great Northern Railway train in northeastern King County, Washington, killing 96 people.

1912 – Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.

1914 – The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.

1917 – The U.S. government releases the unencrypted text of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.

1919 – March 1st Movement begins in Korea.

1921 – The Australian cricket team captained by Warwick Armstrong becomes the first team to complete a whitewash of The Ashes, something that would not be repeated for 86 years.

1932 – The son of Charles Lindbergh, Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, is kidnapped.

1936 – The Hoover Dam is completed.

1936 – A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen’s Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.

1939 – A Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump explodes at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.

1941 – World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact, allying itself with the Axis powers.

1941 – W47NV (now known as WSM-FM) begins operations in Nashville, Tennessee becoming the first FM radio station in the U.S..

1946 – The Bank of England is nationalised.

1947 – The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations.

1950 – Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by disclosing top secret atomic bomb data.

1953 – Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

1954 – Nuclear testing: The Castle Bravo, a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United States.

1954 – Puerto Rican nationalists attack the United States Capitol building, injuring five Representatives.

1956 – The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.

1956 – Formation of the National People’s Army

1958 – Samuel Alphonsus Stritch is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia.

1961 – President of the United States John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.

1961 – Uganda becomes self-governing and holds its first elections.

1962 – American Airlines Flight 1 crashes on take off in New York.

1964 – Villarrica Volcano begins a strombolian eruption causing lahars that destroy half of the town of Coñaripe.

1966 – Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashes on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet’s surface.

1966 – The Ba’ath Party takes power in Syria.

1971 – A bomb explodes in a men’s room in the United States Capitol: the Weather Underground claims responsibility.

1971 – President of Pakistan Yahya Khan indefinitely postpones the pending national assembly session, precipitating massive civil disobedience in East Pakistan.

1972 – The Thai province of Yasothon is created after being split off from the Ubon Ratchathani province.

1973 – Black September storms the Saudi embassy in Khartoum, Sudan, resulting in the assassination of three Western hostages.

1974 – Watergate scandal: Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice.

1981 – Provisional Irish Republican Army member Bobby Sands begins his hunger strike in HM Prison Maze.

1989 – The United States becomes a member of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.

1990 – Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

1992 – Bosnia and Herzegovina declares its independence from Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

1995 – Prime Minister of Poland Waldemar Pawlak resigns from parliament and is replaced by ex-communist Józef Oleksy.

1995 – Yahoo! is incorporated.

2000 – The Constitution of Finland is rewritten.

2000 – Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.

2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.

2002 – The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 mi) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (8.5 tons).

2002 – The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced by the euro (€).

2003 – Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.

2003 – The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.

2004 – Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq.

2005 – US Supreme Court rules that the execution of juveniles found guilty of murder is unconstitutional marking a change in “national standards,”.

2006 – English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.

2007 – Tornadoes break out across the southern United States, killing at least 20; eight of the deaths are at a high school in Enterprise, Alabama.

2007 – “Squatters” are evicted from Ungdomshuset in Copenhagen, Denmark, provoking the March 2007 Denmark Riots.

2008 – The Armenian police clashed with peaceful opposition rally protesting against allegedly fraudulent presidential elections 200

Births

 

40 – Martial, Latin poet (d. 102)

1389 – Saint Antoninus of Florence, Archbishop of Florence (d. 1459)

1432 – Isabel of Coimbra, Queen of Portugal (d. 1455)

1456 – King Ladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (d. 1516)

1547 – Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)

1597 – Jean-Charles de la Faille, Flemish mathematician (d. 1652)

1611 – John Pell, English mathematician (d. 1685)

1644 – Simon Foucher, French philosopher (d. 1696)

1657 – Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (d. 1740)

1683 – Caroline of Ansbach, English noble (d. 1737)

1683 – Tsangyang Gyatso, 6th Dalai Lama (d. 1706)

1732 – William Cushing, American jurist (d. 1810)

1760 – François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French revolutionary (d. 1794)

1769 – François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (d. 1796)

1781 – Javiera Carrera, Chilean aristoctrat (d. 1862)

1807 – Wilford Woodruff, American religious figure (d. 1898)

1810 – Frédéric Chopin, Polish composer (d. 1849)

1812 – Augustus Pugin, English-born architect (d. 1852)

1817 – Giovanni Duprè, Italian sculptor (d. 1882)

1821 – Joseph Hubert Reinkens, German bishop (d. 1896)

1837 – William Dean Howells, American writer, historian and politician (d. 1920)

1842 – Nikolaos Gyzis, Greek painter (d. 1901)

1848 – Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Irish-born American sculptor (d. 1907)

1852 – Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (d. 1923)

1858 – Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (d. 1918)

1863 – Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)

1876 – Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian amateur sports executive (d. 1942)

1880 – Giles Lytton Strachey, British writer (d. 1932)

1886 – Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian painter and poet (d. 1980)

1888 – Ewart Astill, English cricketer (d. 1948)

1889 – Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)

1892 – Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Japanese writer (d. 1927)

1893 – Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)

1896 – Dimitris Mitropoulos, Greek conductor and composer (d. 1960)

1896 – Moriz Seeler, German writer and producer (d. 1942)

1899 – Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski, German Nazi official (d. 1972)

1904 – Paul Hartman, American actor (d. 1973)

1904 – Glenn Miller, American bandleader (d. 1944)

1905 – Doris Hare, Welsh actress (d. 2000)

1906 – Camilla Spira, German actress (d. 1997)

1906 – Pham Van Dong, Vietnamese politician (d. 2000)

1910 – Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)

1910 – David Niven, English actor (d. 1983)

1911 – Rina Ketty, French singer (d. 1996)

1912 – Gerald Emmett Carter, Canadian archbishop (d. 2003)

1912 – Boris Chertok, Polish-born Russian rocket designer (d. 2011)

1914 – Harry Caray, American sportscaster (d. 1998)

1914 – Ralph Ellison, American writer (d. 1994)

1915 – Malak Karsh, Canadian photographer (d. 2001)

1917 – Robert Lowell, American poet (d. 1977)

1918 – Roger Delgado, English actor (d. 1973)

1918 – João Goulart, President of Brazil (d. 1976)

1918 – Gladys Noon Spellman, American politician (d. 1988)

1920 – Max Bentley, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1984)

1921 – Jack Clayton, British film director (d. 1995)

1921 – Terence Cooke, American cardinal archbishop (d. 1983)

1921 – Richard Wilbur, American poet

1922 – William Gaines, American publisher (d. 1992)

1922 – Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli statesman, Nobel laureate (d. 1995)

1923 – Péter Kuczka, Hungarian writer and editor (d. 1999)

1924 – Deke Slayton, American astronaut (d. 1993)

1926 – Robert Clary, French-born actor

1926 – Cesare Danova, Italian-born American actor (d. 1992)

1926 – Pete Rozelle, American professional sports executive (d. 1996)

1926 – Allan Stanley, Canadian ice hockey player

1927 – Harry Belafonte, American actor and musician

1927 – Robert Bork, American legal scholar

1928 – Jacques Rivette, French film director

1929 – Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (d. 1978)

1930 – Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (d. 1980)

1933 – Gerry Bron, British record producer

1934 – Jean-Michel Folon, Belgian artist (d. 2005)

1934 – Joan Hackett, American actress (d. 1983)

1935 – Robert Conrad, American actor

1936 – Monique Bégin, French-Canadian politician

1936 – Jean-Edern Hallier, French author (d. 1997)

1937 – Jed Allan, American actor

1939 – Leo Brouwer, Cuban composer and guitarist

1940 – David Broome, Welsh showjumper

1940 – Robert Grossman, American illustrator

1941 – Joo Hyun, South Korean actor

1941 – Donnie Walsh, American basketball coach and executive

1942 – Peter Guber, American film producer

1942 – Richard Bowman Myers, American general

1943 – Gil Amelio, American venture capitalist

1943 – José Ángel Iribar, Spanish footballer

1943 – Akinori Nakayama, Japanese gymnast

1943 – Richard H. Price, American physicist

1943 – Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist

1943 – Cha Katō, Japanese comedian and actor

1944 – John Breaux, American politician

1944 – Mike d’Abo, English singer (Manfred Mann, A Band of Angels)

1944 – Roger Daltrey, English musician (The Who)

1945 – Dirk Benedict, American actor

1946 – Elvin Bethea, American football player

1946 – Gerry Boulet, Canadian singer (Offenbach) (d. 1990)

1946 – Lana Wood, American actress

1947 – Alan Thicke, Canadian actor and songwriter

1948 – Burning Spear (Winston Rodney), Jamaican singer and musician

1951 – Sergei Kourdakov, Soviet intelligence agent

1952 – Steven Barnes, American writer

1952 – Nevada Barr, American author

1952 – Leigh Matthews, Australian rules footballer and coach

1952 – Jerri Nielsen, American physician (d. 2009)

1952 – Martin O’Neill, Northern Irish footballer and manager

1952 – Brian Winters, American basketball player and coach

1953 – Thomas “Hollywood” Henderson, American football player

1954 – Catherine Bach, American actress

1954 – Ron Howard, American actor and director

1956 – Tim Daly, American actor

1956 – Dalia Grybauskaitė, Lithuanian politician

1957 – Peter Athans, American mountaineer

1958 – Nik Kershaw, English musician

1958 – Chosei Komatsu, Japanese conductor

1958 – Bertrand Piccard, Swiss balloonist and psychiatrist

1959 – Nick Griffin, British politician

1959 – Diamanto Manolakou, Greek politician

1960 – William Bennett, English musician (Whitehouse)

1962 – Mark Gardner, American baseball player

1962 – Bill Leen, American musicians (Gin Blossoms)

1962 – Melanie Moore, American actress

1963 – Rob Affuso, American drummer (Skid Row)

1963 – Thomas Anders, German singer (Modern Talking)

1963 – Maurice Benard, American actor

1963 – Ron Francis, Canadian ice hockey player

1963 – Dan Michaels, American musician and record producer (The Choir)

1963 – Russell Wong, American actor

1964 – Clinton Gregory, American musician

1964 – Paul Le Guen, French football manager

1965 – Stewart Elliott, Canadian jockey

1965 – Booker Huffman, American wrestler

1965 – Mary Lou Lord, American singer/songwriter

1966 – Susan Auch, Canadian speed-skater

1966 – John David Cullum, American actor

1966 – Zack Snyder, American film-maker

1967 – Yelena Afanasyeva, Russian athlete

1967 – George Eads, American actor

1967 – Aron Winter, Dutch footballer

1968 – Salil Ankola, Indian cricketer and TV actor

1969 – Javier Bardem, Spanish actor

1969 – Doug Creek, American baseball player

1969 – Dafydd Ieuan, Welsh drummer (Super Furry Animals)

1969 – József Szabó, Hungarian swimmer

1970 – Jason V Brock, American author

1971 – Tyler Hamilton, American cyclist

1973 – Jack Davenport, English actor

1973 – Anton Gunn, American politician

1973 – Ryan Peake, Canadian guitarist (Nickelback)

1973 – Carlo Resoort, Dutch DJ

1973 – Chris Webber, American basketball player

1974 – Stephen Davis, American football player

1974 – Mark-Paul Gosselaar, American actor

1974 – Shane Harwood, Australian cricketer

1975 – Maya Kulenovic, Canadian painter

1975 – Francesco Mazzariol, Italian rugby player

1976 – Peter F. Bell, Australian rules footballer

1976 – Dave Malkoff, American TV news reporter

1976 – Travis Kvapil , American race car driver

1977 – Rens Blom, Dutch athlete

1977 – Esther Cañadas, Spanish actress and model

1978 – Jensen Ackles, American actor

1978 – Donovan Patton, Guamanian television star

1978 – Alicia Leigh Willis, American actress

1980 – Shahid Afridi, Pakistani cricketer

1980 – Gennaro Bracigliano, French footballer

1980 – Sercan Güvenışık, Turkish footballer

1980 – Abdur Rehman, Pakistani cricketer

1980 – Djimi Traoré, Malian footballer

1981 – Ana Hickmann, Brazilian supermodel

1981 – Adam LaVorgna, American actor

1981 – Will Power, Australian racing driver

1981 – Brad Winchester, American ice hockey player

1982 – Shalva Didebashvili, Georgian-born German rugby player

1982 – Juan Manuel Ortiz, Spanish footballer

1983 – Daniel Carvalho, Brazilian footballer

1983 – Elan Sara DeFan, Mexican singer-songwriter

1983 – Dusty Dvoracek, American football player

1983 – Chris Hackett, English footballer

1983 – Blake Hawksworth, Canadian baseball player

1984 – Jacob Lillyman, Australian rugby league footballer

1984 – Naima Mora, American model

1984 – Alexander Steen, Canadian-born Swedish ice hockey player

1984 – Anthony Tupou, Australian rugby league footballer

1985 – Jeremy Leman, American football player

1985 – Andreas Ottl, German footballer

1986 – Ettore Ewen, American professional wrestler

1986 – Jonathan Spector, American footballer

1987 – Kesha (Kesha Rose Sebert), American singer

1987 – Sammie (Sammie Bush), American singer

1987 – Anne Schäfer, German tennis player

1988 – Trevor Cahill, American baseball player

1988 – Katija Pevec, American actress

1988 – Freddie Smith, American actor

1989 – Anjo Buckman, German rugby player

1989 – Sonya Kitchell, American singer

1989 – Daniella Monet, American actress

1989 – Carlos Vela, Mexican footballer

1990 – Harry Eden, English actor

1993 – Josh McEachran, English footballer

1994 – Justin Bieber, Canadian singer

1995 – Jonathan Krohn, American political prodigy

Deaths

 

317 – Valerius Valens, Roman Emperor

986 – King Lothair of France (b. 941)

1131 – King Stephen II of Hungary (b. 1101)

1233 – Count Thomas I of Savoy (b. 1178)

1244 – Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr, son of Llywelyn the Great (b. 1200)

1320 – Buyantu Khagan, Emperor of the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty (b. 1286)

1383 – Amadeus VI of Savoy (b. 1334)

1510 – Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier and explorer

1536 – Bernardo Accolti, Italian poet (b. 1465)

1546 – George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b. 1513)

1620 – Thomas Campion, English poet and composer (b. 1567)

1633 – George Herbert, English poet and orator (b. 1593)

1643 – Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian composer (b. 1583)

1661 – Richard Zouch, English jurist (b. 1590)

1697 – Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)

1706 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin (b. 1632)

1734 – Roger North, English biographer (b. 1653)

1757 – Edward Moore, English writer (b. 1712)

1768 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)

1773 – Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect (b. 1700)

1777 – Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian composer (b. 1715)

1792 – Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1747)

1817 – Giacomo Quarenghi, Italian architect (b. 1744)

1825 – John Haggin, “Indian fighter” and one of the earliest settlers of Kentucky (b. 1753)

1841 – Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (b. 1764)

1862 – Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)

1875 – Tristan Corbière, French poet (b. 1845)

1879 – Joachim Heer, Swiss politician (b. 1825)

1882 – Theodor Kullak, German pianist, composer, teacher (b. 1818)

1884 – Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)

1895 – Pauline Musters, shortest woman ever (b. 1876)

1898 – George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India, author (b. 1825)

1906 – José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (b. 1833)

1911 – Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)

1912 – George Grossmith, English actor and comic writer (b. 1847)

1914 – Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto (b. 1845)

1920 – John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (b. 1842)

1920 – Joseph Trumpeldor, Russian Zionist (b. 1880)

1922 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (b. 1892)

1929 – Royal H. Weller, American politician (b. 1881)

1932 – Frank Teschemacher, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1906)

1933 – Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (b. 1900)

1936 – Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (b. 1871)

1938 – Gabriele D’Annunzio, Italian writer, war hero, and politician (b. 1863)

1940 – Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (b. 1878)

1942 – George S. Rentz, Navy chaplain (b. 1882)

1943 – Alexandre Yersin, Swiss physician (b. 1863)

1952 – Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (b. 1873)

1963 – Jorge Daponte, Argentine racing driver (b. 1923)

1963 – Irish Meusel, American baseball player (b. 1893)

1965 – Joseph-Eugène Limoges, Canadian bishop (b. 1879)

1966 – Fritz Houtermans, German physicist (b. 1903)

1970 – Lucille Hegamin, American singer and entertainer (b. 1894)

1974 – Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (The Jazz Messengers) (b. 1935)

1976 – Jean Martinon, French conductor and composer (b. 1910)

1979 – Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (b. 1903)

1980 – Wilhelmina, Dutch-American model (b. 1940)

1980 – Dixie Dean, English footballer (b. 1907)

1982 – Frank Sargeson, New Zealand writer (b. 1903)

1984 – Jackie Coogan, American actor (b. 1914)

1984 – Roland Culver, British actor (b. 1900)

1988 – Joe Besser, American comedian and actor (b. 1907)

1989 – Vasantdada Patil, Indian politician (b. 1917)

1991 – Edwin H. Land, American scientist and inventor (Polaroid Corporation) (b. 1909)

1995 – Georges J.F. Kohler, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1946)

1995 – Vladislav Listyev, Russian television journalist (b. 1956)

2001 – Henry Wade, American lawyer (b. 1914)

2004 – Mian Ghulam Jilani, Pakistani general (b. 1914)

2005 – Peter Malkin, Israeli secret agent (b. 1927)

2006 – Harry Browne, American politician and author (b. 1933)

2006 – Johnny Jackson, American musician (The Jackson 5) (b. 1951)

2006 – Peter Osgood, English footballer (b. 1947)

2006 – Jack Wild, British actor (b. 1952)

2008 – Raul Reyes, second-in-command of FARC guerrilla (b. 1948)

2010 – Kristian Digby, British television presenter and director (b. 1977)

2012 – Andrew Breitbart, American publisher and conservative political commentator (b. 1969)

2012 – Lucio Dalla, Italian singer (b. 1943)

Holidays and observances

 

Beer Day, marked the end of beer prohibition in 1989 (Iceland)

Christian Feast Day:

Albin (Catholic Church)

Monan (Catholic Church)

Suitbert (Catholic Church)

March 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

Earliest day on which Casimir Pulaski Day can fall, while March 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday in March. (Illinois)

Earliest day on which Laetare Sunday can fall, while April 4 is the latest; celebrated on the fourth Sunday of Lent. (Western Christianity), and its related observances:

Carnaval de la Laetare (Stavelot)

Mothering Sunday (United Kingdom)

Independence Day, celebrates the independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina from Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.

March 1st Movement Remembrance Day or Samiljeol; 삼일절 (South Korea)

Martenitsa (Bulgaria)

Mărțișor (Romania and Moldova)

National Pig Day, a minor observance (United States)

Roman New Year observances:

Feriae Marti in honor of Mars

Matronalia in honor of Juno

Renewal of the Vestal fire

Saint David’s Day or Dydd Gŵyl Dewi Sant (Wales and Welsh communities)

Self Injury Awareness Day

The final day (fourth or fifth) of Ayyám-i-Há (Bahá’í Faith)

New Year and Matronalia (Ancient Rome).